ANU Healthcare in Africa Seminar – Recap by Margaret O’Callaghan

Canberra members of AFSAAP were delighted to have the subject of Africa appear on the ANU agenda on the 6th May – an uncommon occurrence given the prevailing bias towards Asia and the Pacific. In order to promote discussion on maternal and sexual health, access to healthcare and education and Female Genital Mutilation the ANU Circle for Gender Equity held its second seminar for the semester with the discussion focusing on healthcare in Africa. About thirty-five ANU students (including four males) and others attended the seminar.

The programme included:

  • A presentation by Jacqueline Zwambila, former Zimbabwean ambassador to Australia provided a very comprehensive overview of health issues on the African continent. She  bemoaned the fact that although leaders at the AU had many appropriate policies little was actioned at the grassroots level – and that there was no mention of Gender issues listed on the African Union website. She also noted the role of women in power, with women now becoming presidents (two so far) and Rwanda having a requirement for 42% female representation in parliament, but that much more needed to be done in all countries to improve women’s participation.
  • A focus on the subject of Female Genital Mutilation. The audience was treated to a video by  Khadjija Gbla who puts across the Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) story in a very personal and surprisingly humorous way which in no way lessened the seriousness of the issue. Khadija, a Sierra Leonean, is now living in Adelaide and is very active in raising awareness about the need to stop FGM in Australia – the need for which surprises many people. http://www.ted.com/talks/khadija_gbla_my_mother_s_strange_definition_of_empowerment?language=en
  • Margaret O’Callaghan, former UNFPA representative and currently Visiting Fellow at the Crawford School, then commented on the subject of FGM, providing anecdotes from her UN days and putting the subject into  a multi-sectoral context. She highlighted the importance of looking at health issues from a psycho-social angle in order to really understand the reasons for why things were happening the way they were. In particular she recommended that the audience read this article in order to understand why it was that women were the major supporters in the continuation of the custom.
  • Jane Armstrong, Clinical Training Manager of the Aspen Medical Australia, then spoke about the management of emergency training and support of an Australian and New Zealand health personnel team. This emergency exercise was funded by DFAT as Australia’s contribution to addressing the recent epidemic in Sierra Leone. She noted that not only did they contribute to saving lives and providing palliative care to others who weren’t so lucky, but they helped to prevent the infection from spreading further. 

Unfortunately because of the very full programme there was insufficient time for audience participation, which always provides much added value to such an event.

Provided by Margaret O’Callaghan, former UNFPA Representative and currently Visiting Fellow at ANU’s Crawford School

Emeritus Professor Donald Anthony Low AO (1927-2015)

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Prof A Low

We regret to announce the death of Anthony Low, one of the ANU’s most distinguished Africanists, in Canberra.

Appropriately for the first President of the African Studies Association of Australasia and the Pacific, Anthony Low announced his retirement from African Studies at the 2012 AFSAAP conference at Burgmann College, ANU. He had thus spent over 60 years in the field of African Studies.

Born in India in1927, the son of Canon Donald Low and Winifred Low, he was educated at Haileybury historical connections with the East India Company. He went up to Oxford in and Imperial Service College, a school with 1944 gaining his BA in 1948 and his MA in 1952. His D. Phil. on ‘The British and Uganda 1862-1900’ was awarded in 1957.

His illustrious academic career began in 1951 as a Lecturer at Makerere College, University of East Africa. He was also Uganda correspondent for The Times.

While undertaking archival research in Zanzibar he met Isobel Smail who was nursing in the Protectorate and was proficient in Swahili. They were married in Zanzibar Cathedral in 1952, celebrating their 60th anniversary in 2012.

Anthony had three stints at The Australian National University.

He moved from Uganda to the ANU in 1959, staying until 1964 when he became Professor of History at Sussex.

He returned to the ANU in 1973, and was Vice-Chancellor from 1975 to 1982. Coincidentally another Africanist, Sam Richardson, was head of C the Canberra College of Education (now the University of Canberra) around the same time.
From 1983 to 1994 he was Smuts Professor of the History of the British Commonwealth at the University of Cambridge.

On his return to Canberra he became Vice-President of the Australian Academy of the Humanities in 1996, an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) in 2005, and Emeritus Professor at the ANU in 2010.
His key publications on Africa include:
Buganda and British Overrule (with R.C. Pratt). Oxford University Press, 1960.
Buganda in Modern History. University of California Press, 1969.
The Mind of Buganda . University of California Press, 1969.
The Egalitarian Movement: Asia and Africa 1950-1980. Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Keith Hancock: The Legacies of an Historian. Melbourne University Press, 2001.
The Fabrication of Empire: the British and Uganda Kingdoms, 1890-1902 Cambridge University Press, 2009.

The publication of the latter (reviewed in the AFSAAP Journal) was marked by a launch at University House, ANU, to which the members of the ANU’s African Students Association were invited. Younger scholars should note that this last book was published when he was over 80.

 

Anthony was the first President of AFSAAP, serving from 1979-1982.

His final AFSAAP talk was entitled ‘Origins of Social Science Research in Uganda’ which turned into a lively discussion on the past and future of Africa Universities.

 

Sources
Lucas, David, 2013, ‘Anthony Low retires’. The Australasian Review of African Studies, 34(2);7-8.
Personal communication from Anthony Low.
Who’s Who 2013. A & C Black, 2012.

 

*this is an amended version of ‘Anthony Low retires’  published in The Australasian Review of African Studies in 2013*

 

Attached is Robin Jeffrey’s Eulogy.
Attached is Matthew Neuhaus Harare’s Eulogy.
Attached is Adam Low’s Eulogy.

38th AFSAAP Conference – Deakin University 2015

38th AFSAAP Conference
Deakin University, Melbourne CBD
28 – 30 October 2015

See http://afsaap.org.au/conference/conference-20

‘The African Studies Association of Australasia and the Pacific welcomes to its 2015 conference, papers from academics, researchers, students, practitioners and policy makers with interests in African studies, both on the African continent and in the Australasia and Pacific region. Papers from all disciplines discussing African issues in a broad range of topics, such as culture, physical, social and economic development, environment, politics, geography, ecology, demography, health, education, migration, media, aid, climate change, natural and human-induced disasters, civil society and gender are welcomed.’

More details coming soon.

Africa-Australia Dialogue 1st Symposium – June 28th La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia

AFSAAP is a co-sponsor of the forthcoming 1st Africa Australia Dialogue Symposium to be held at La Trobe University on June 28th 2014.  The Key Note Speaker, Former Zimbabwean Ambassador Jaqueline Zwambila, will join a host of other speakers to discuss the key issues. This will be a great event, and AFSAAP hopes that many of you will be able to attend.

Event details:
The Centre for Dialogue’s first Africa-Australia Symposium, following on from last year’s Australia-Africa Dialogue inaugural address by Australia’s the Hon Kevin Rudd, is a forum where experts, academics, settlement and service providers, community leaders and activists can focus on the pressing issues confronting African-Australians as well as explore Australia’s links to African countries. This inaugural Symposium seeks to raise awareness about trends, challenges and opportunities that face the African-Australia diaspora as well as advance Australian-African relations. Using data, census projections and commentary from experts in the field, the Symposium will focus on the roles individuals, governments and industry can play in addressing the future needs of a rapidly growing community as well as ascertain how to advance Australian-African relations.

More information can be found on this Symposium Flyer.

Executive Producer, Half of a Yellow Sun

YEWANDE SADIKU, is a Nigerian investment banker who was keynote speaker at the 2013 African Studies Association conference in Perth (see http://afsaap.org.au/conference/conference-2013 ) As Executive Producer of the film Half of a Yellow Sun, she helped to raise financing for the film adaptation of the best selling novel by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, directed by Nigerian Biyi Bandele. She described how rich Nigerians were reluctant to put money into the film while the cash flow was for the filming in Calabar was maintained by smaller investors, including admirers of the novel.

From AFSAAP Newsletter Habari kwa Ufupi No 46

‘ AFSAAP received many entries to the 2013 Annual AFSAAP Post-graduate Prize, which is awarded to the best paper presented at the annual AFSAAP Conference or Post-graduate workshop. The judges enjoyed reading the diversity of papers and quality of postgraduate research in African Studies in Australia.

The AFSAAP Executive are pleased to announce that the winner of the 2013 Monash/AFSAAP Prize – to the value of $3000, which includes a trip to Monash University’s South Africa Campus, and aims to encourage fieldwork in Africa towards the student’s studies – goes to Ms. Christina Kenny from the Australian National University, for her paper entitled – “The ‘liberatory value of indigenous institutions’?: Cultural practice as resistance in the British Colony of Kenya.”

We are also very pleased to announce that Mr. Solomon Peter Gbanie from the University of New South Wales at Australian Defence Force Academy, has won the AFSAAP Postgraduate Prize of $500, for his paper entitled “ ‘The diamond of Western Area is land’: Narratives of land use and land cover change in post-war Sierra Leone.” ‘

 

 

AFSAAP Conference – Perth 2013

Two papers from the ANU were presented at the annual conference of the African Studies Association of Australasian and the Pacific (AFSAAP):

Christina Kenny

‘There’s this belief that they can’t lead, that’s why they didn’t stand up’: Women’s experience of civil and political rights at the 2013 Kenyan General Elections
In the lead up to the 2013 General Elections in Kenya, public expectations of Kenya’s new democratic institutions and processes reached a high water mark. For women, the pre-election emphasis on the constitutionally enshrined ‘2/3rds gender principle’ and women’s representative seats contributed to an already complex and confusing political environment. Nevertheless, many Kenyan women were hopeful that the new regulatory frameworks created by the 2010 constitution would provide new opportunities for women to attain elected public office. This hope was not realised. No women were elected to the positions of Member of Parliament, or Senator.

David Lucas and Barbara Edgar
African Australians in Australia in 2011: their demography and human capital
The 2011 Population Census shows that around a third of a million (337,826) Africa-born were enumerated in Australia, with a majority born in South Africa or Zimbabwe. The overall increase between 2006 and 2011 was 40% but this masks a variety of growth rates for individual countries. This paper firstly considers inter-censal changes in birthplace data for each Africa countries between 2006 and 2011. Further analysis using the ABS 2011 Census TableBuilder software enables comparisons to be made between the South Africa-born and the Zimbabwe-born, and those born in Sudan (and South Sudan), and in the Horn of Africa. Since many of those from Sudan and the Horn of Africa came to Australia as a part of the humanitarian intake, often via refugee camps, their children may have been born in third countries, so ancestry may be used as an additional variable. The analysis focuses on human capital variables such as education and labour force participation, showing the advantaged position of the South Africans and Zimbabweans. A final section considers the future of Africa Australian youth.Also presenting from the ACT was Alec Thornton , University of New South Wales, Canberra campus
Space And Food In The City
A shift towards post-modernist approaches in city planning has led to rapid growth in community-based ‘urban greening’ movements. The spatial and socio-environmental justice themes are largely playing out in the ‘North’, or western cities. This paper will position urban agriculture within radical urban theory, in an effort to conceptualise a phenomenon that takes place in both the ‘global North and South’ in response to various ‘justices’ but are played out at different scales with very different results. Case study examples are drawn from Africa, North America and the South Pacific.